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6th World Neuron Congress, will be organized around the theme “”
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A neuron, often known as a nerve cell, is the structural and functional unit of the nervous system. It is an electrical cell that solely transmits information via chemical and electrical impulses. Synapses are intermediary connections that aid in the transmission of information from one neuron to another. There are various types of functional cells in animal cells, such as sensory neurons, motor neurons, and interneurons.
Neurology is the most important branch of medicine that deals with disorders that affect the neurological system. It also addresses acute problems associated to the brain and other parts, from birth through neurodegeneration in old life.
- Neurological system
- Central nervous system
- peripheral nervous system
Neurodegeneration is defined as damage to neurons in the human brain and spinal cord, as well as changes in the structure and function of neurons that lead to their demise. It culminates in disorders that entirely destroy the motor neurons, which are the nerve cells that form the path of electrical impulses from the brain to the spinal cord. Infections and traumatic brain damage cause major injuries to our body's central nervous system. This type of injury causes inflammation, which is known as Neuroinflammation. Chronic inflammation has been linked to neurological disorders. Scientists recently discovered that the inflammatory process is intimately associated with various neurodegenerative pathways that are linked to depression.
- neurological disorders
Neurorehabilitation is a time-consuming medical procedure that focuses on providing recovery from brain and spinal cord injury as well as curing any functional changes caused by nervous system impairment. They primarily focus on nutrition, psychology, and working with the attitudes and skills of disadvantaged people and their environment. It also encourages individuals to reestablish their self-esteem and positive attitude in order to adapt to new obstacles and become more fired up for successful and dedicated community reintegration. It is now a combination of traditional medicine and exact science, They are mainly focused on
- spinal cord
- nervous system
Neuro-oncology is a word that refers to brain tumours and other types of tumours in the nervous system. Tumours in the central nervous system can progress through the primary and metastatic stages. Chemotherapy and radiation are two frequent therapies. The most essential instruments are sophisticated imaging techniques, predictive molecular testing, and magnetic resonance imaging. The primary CNS Modern neurooncology treats tumours, brain and spinal mitases.
- Memory loss
- Brain tumours
Neurophysiology is commonly defined as the study of sensory system function. It is a blend of physiology and neuroscience that focuses on the physiology and function of the nervous system through the use of biological techniques. They also play a key role in monitoring persons who suffer brain illnesses such as strokes and dementia. Clinical physiology is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of neurological illnesses in two areas: the brain and the peripheral nervous system. Neurophysiology is connected to electrophysiology, neuroanatomy, mathematical neuroscience, and clinical neurophysiology and clinical neuroscience.
- Peripheral neural systems
- Neurological system
Neurochemistry is the study of substances such as neuropeptides, medicines, and compounds such as neurotransmitters. Neurochemicals such as oxytocin, serotonin, dopamine, and other neurotransmitter-regulating compounds are included. The miracle of science that causes electric signals that multiply along nerve cells and the science at the neural connection through synapses are the primary fields of study and focus on the effect of neurotransmitters, chemical processes that occur in the nervous system. Recently, studies have been conducted to determine how post-traumatic stress disorder affects the brain.
Neuropsychiatry is a combination of psychiatry and neurology that focuses on the relationship between human behaviour and brain function. It includes neurology, psychiatric symptoms of neurological illnesses, behavioural neurology, and neurophyscology. Intraoperative monitoring, electrodiagnostic testing, electroencephalography, and evoked potentials are all performed by clinical neurophysiologists.
- Neuropsychiatric disorders
- Degenerative Diseases
The developed sensory system emerges during embryonic and post-embryonic development as a result of a series of formative projects that include the formation of nerve cells and their supporting (glia) cells, the relocation of those cells to defined areas within the developing sensory tissue, the establishment of associations of those cells to specific target locales, and specific neuron cell passing.
Gliogenesis occurs primarily in the adult mammalian brain, where glial cells such as astrocytes, schwann cells, oligodendrocytes, and microglia are produced. In this capacity, glial cells serve both the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) (PNS). Following differentiation of glial cell populations, function-specialized glial lineages are formed.
- peripheral nervous system
Cognitive neuroscience is a discipline of neuroscience that studies brain mechanisms and neural expressions. Conginitive neuroscientists will occasionally use brain imaging modalities such as PET and SPECT. New brain mapping technology, notably magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or functional MRI (fMRT), has enabled researchers to examine cognitive physiology tactics by examining brain function and how the brain enables our minds. Non-invasive functional neuro-imaging advances and accompanying data analysis technologies are focusing on the neural roots of human behaviour.
Neurometabolic illnesses are those that affect how our brain or any other organ in our bodies functions. Neurogenetic diseases are a group of chronic diseases that describe brain abnormalities caused by alterations in a child's DNA. This can lead to uncontrollable seizures or strange motions. Some diagnostic and therapy methods include brain imaging and cerebrospinal fluid tests. Modern DNA technologies, such as next-generation sequencing, can be used to diagnose certain illnesses.
- Alzheimer’s disease (AD)
- Multiple sclerosis
- Parkinson’s disease
Neuropharmacology is the study of neurons and their neurochemical interactions, as well as the study of large sections of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. The majority of the inquiry of how drugs influence human behaviour (neuropsychopharmacology), includes the investigation into how sedative reliance and dependence influence the human mind. Subatomic neuropharmacology is the study of neurons and their neurochemical correspondences with the goal of developing medications that have an influence on neurological capacity.
Neurosurgery is a surgical specialty that deals with the nervous system, which includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves in our bodies. New technology, including as neuromodulation devices, image guidance devices, and operating microscopes, have been implemented as key breakthroughs in operative neurosurgery methods. Radiation therapy is useful in the treatment of both benign and malignant disorders. Invasive approaches are being developed to reduce brain and body stress during surgery. Pediatric neurology is a subspecialty of neurosurgery for people under the age of eighteen.
Pediatric neurology is concerned mostly with neurological problems in children. Neurogenetic infection is an umbrella name for a variety of diseases that depict mind variations from the standard that occur as a result of modifications in the qualities of the child, causing particular cerebrum cells to form and function abnormally. Because of neurometabolic irregularities, these clogs originate from issues in the chemicals of the body's cells, which are either unable to use nourishments to offer the vitality the cell requires, or dispose of the breakdown results of the sustenance's used.
- Neurological disorders
- Peripheral nervous system
- Autonomic nervous system
Neuropathology, which specialises in illnesses of the nervous system and its coverings, plays a significant role in describing the aetiology of neurogenerative diseases. The majority of their work is on living people, however neuropathologists investigate portions of brain tissues obtained during surgery (biopsies) and brains removed at autopsy for diagnosis. Microscopically, the tissues are investigated for symptoms of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. Until now, the most advanced neuropathology test has been epidermal nerve fibre density assessment.
The ability of the brain to reorganise itself through creating neuronal connections throughout life, as mediated by the neuromodular system, is referred to as neuroplasitcity. It allows neuron healing and can form new connections as well as destroy existing ones. It refers to the ability of the brain to be sculpted or moulded by experience, or simply the malleability of neural networks. Neuroplasticity, which can be functional or structural, is the core issue that underpins the scientific fundamental therapy of acquired brain damage. Neuroplasticity and neurogenesis collaborate to reorganise brain circuitry.
Neuroinformatics is currently the most advanced scientific field in Neurology for identifying, analysing, digesting, and stimulating neurological data. This discipline is essentially a hybrid of informatics and brain research. Neuroscience is diverse, with various and distinct sub-disciplines such as neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience. It can be characterised as the integration of information from all levels and scales of neuroscience, as well as the fitting together of data from very diverse timescales.